COVID-19, the illness attributable to a brand new coronavirus, has quickly unfold globally. The World Well being Group just lately labeled COVID-19 a pandemic. A lot of my pregnant sufferers have expressed considerations, each for themselves and their infants, concerning the impression of COVID-19 on their well being. To reply often-asked questions on being pregnant and the brand new coronavirus, I’ve teamed up with my husband, an infectious illness specialist and internist. Collectively, we reviewed the extraordinarily restricted information obtainable to offer evidence-based responses under.
Being pregnant and the brand new coronavirus
As you most likely know, the virus spreads by way of respiratory droplets despatched into the air when an individual who has COVID-19 coughs or sneezes. It might additionally unfold when somebody touches a floor contaminated by an individual who has the virus.
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What can I do to guard myself in opposition to catching the brand new coronavirus?
Crucial step is to follow wonderful hand hygiene by ceaselessly washing hands with cleaning soap and water for 20 seconds. Keep away from touching your eyes, mouth, and nostril. You also needs to keep away from giant gatherings. Social distancing is necessary to restrict the unfold of the virus. In case you have a gentle cough or chilly, keep at residence and restrict exposures to different folks. Sneeze and cough right into a tissue that you just discard instantly, or into your elbow, to keep away from making others sick. Hydration and sufficient relaxation are also necessary in sustaining the well being of your immune system.
As a pregnant lady, what’s my threat of turning into very sick from COVID-19?
Provided that it is a novel virus, little is thought about its impression on pregnant girls. At this level, consultants suppose that pregnant girls are simply as probably, or presumably extra probably, than most of the people to develop signs if contaminated with the brand new coronavirus. Present info suggests signs are prone to be delicate to average, as is true for girls (and males) on this age vary who should not pregnant.
If I’m pregnant and have COVID-19, does this enhance the chance of miscarriage or different issues?
There does not appear to be any increased risk of miscarriage or other complications akin to fetal malformations for pregnant girls who’re contaminated with COVID-19, in response to the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC). Primarily based on information from different coronaviruses, akin to SARS and MERS, the American School of Obstetricians and Gynecologists notes that pregnant girls who get COVID-19 might have a better threat for some complications, such as preterm birth, however the information are extraordinarily restricted and the an infection might not be the direct reason behind preterm beginning.
If I get sick from the brand new coronavirus, what’s the threat of passing the virus onto my fetus or new child?
A study of nine pregnant women who had been contaminated with COVID-19 and had signs confirmed that none of their infants had been affected by the virus. The virus was not current in amniotic fluid, the infants’ throats, or in breast milk. The danger of passing the an infection to the fetus seems to be very low, and there’s no proof of any fetal malformations or results as a result of maternal an infection with COVID-19.
I examined constructive for COVID-19. Can I breastfeed my child?
At present, there may be no evidence of the virus in breast milk. Provided that the virus is unfold by way of respiratory droplets, moms ought to wash their arms and think about sporting a face masks to reduce infants’ publicity to the virus.
Can I journey for my baby-moon?
We advocate avoiding all journey right now, given the considerations that the virus could possibly be widespread, and the uncertainty for journey restrictions (see CDC travel advisories).
Ought to I reschedule my child bathe due to the brand new coronavirus?
Whereas a child bathe is a joyous and necessary event, public well being businesses such because the CDC advocate social distancing to restrict the unfold of the virus. Notably in giant gatherings, the chance of potential publicity and an infection is kind of excessive. We advocate limiting social gatherings right now.
What ought to I do if I’ve a fever or cough, have traveled from a rustic during which the virus is widespread, or have been involved with an individual confirmed to have COVID-19?
Each hospital has particular guidelines for one of the best ways to deal with these conditions. Step one is to name your physician’s workplace to tell them of your signs, journey, or contact with somebody who has a confirmed case of COVID-19. Do not merely go to your physician’s workplace. It is rather necessary to restrict the unfold of the virus. Notably in case you have signs, it’s best to name your physician first to find out whether or not you want testing and/or to return in for analysis.
I’m nervous that medical doctors, even obstetricians, might be diverted in an emergency setting and might not be obtainable when I’m delivering. Will that be the case?
Presently, there isn’t a plan for some other medical doctors to be pulled from their common duties to employees different components of the hospital. Obstetrics is a vital part of well being, and it’s unlikely that an ob/gyn is not going to be current on the time of your child’s beginning. Ask your well being care crew about this.
For extra details about the brand new coronavirus and COVID-19, please see Harvard Well being Publishing’s Coronavirus Resource Center.