Fitness TipsHealth Tips

Muscle Spasms: What Causes Leg Cramps and What Can You Do?


Muscle spasms like calf cramps is usually a painful companion on the trail to your health objective. Muscle fibers contract unexpectedly and typically with out warning, inflicting ache. This will occur throughout or after train (and infrequently at evening).

Essentially the most generally affected areas are the calves, ft, and thighs. A muscle cramp can sneak up on anybody – from newbies to professionals.

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Woman with a muscle cramp


For a very long time it was believed that fluid or mineral imbalances have been the principle explanation for muscle cramps. Nonetheless, to this point there may be no proof on what actually causes muscle cramps. What we all know is that the cramps are related to how the motor neurons perform.

Nonetheless, various factors is likely to be contributing to cramps:

  • heavy coaching hundreds
  • excessive temperatures
  • ageing
  • diabetes
  • lack of sleep
  • in addition to the fluid and mineral imbalances (magnesium, potassium and many others.)

Most certainly a mixture of those will result in chaotic electrical impulses within the muscular tissues, which then trigger a painful cramp.

Lots of people endure from muscle spasms and are woken up in the course of the evening by the sharp ache of calf cramps. One purpose for this can be that the extent of magnesium within the physique drops whereas we’re sleeping. If it will get too low, it may end up in painful leg cramps. We are able to take motion to stop this and stretch in the course of the day once we discover the primary indicators. Sadly, it’s often too late once we discover muscle contractions at evening, and the ache wakes us up.

Good to know:

Cramps could be skilled in numerous types. Usually, if a cramp is attributable to fatigue, almost certainly throughout train, it’s often localized in a single muscle (like calf cramps) and occurs out of the blue. Nonetheless, cramps may additionally develop over time, be felt on either side, and be accompanied by plenty of sweating and different signs of dehydration.


If you expertise a muscle spasm while you’re figuring out, take a brief break out of your exercise. There may be nonetheless no evidence-based remedy, however the next approaches appear to be useful for a lot of circumstances of muscle cramps:

  • Hydrate: Changing water and electrolytes misplaced throughout train is suggested. Even when this received’t be a treatment for everybody, avid exercisers who’re extra susceptible to cramps are prone to profit from this strategy.
  • Stretch: If the cramp is attributable to fatigue resulting from extreme coaching load, you’ll most likely discover aid by means of gentle stretching and therapeutic massage. Stretch the affected muscle gently whilst you have the cramp to assist launch some rigidity.
  • Warmth: Warmth relaxes your muscular tissues. Strive a heat compress in your calves or a calming tub to stop muscle contractions.
  • Therapeutic massage: Therapeutic massage stimulates your circulation, which helps loosen your muscular tissues.

Man stretching

Man stretching

Be careful:

Aching muscular tissues are often a warning out of your physique that it is best to take heed to. Sharp, extreme ache that occurs out of the blue may very well be an indication of an damage. In case you are experiencing extreme ache, postpone your subsequent exercise for one or two days. If the ache lingers, seek the advice of a medical skilled.

However the very best factor is to not let it get this far.


Listed here are a number of ideas for stopping muscle cramps:

  • Maintain your muscular tissues unfastened. Incorporate stretching and rest workouts into your coaching plan and therapeutic massage your legs (or higher – get a therapeutic massage).
  • Eat a balanced weight loss program and embrace minerals. Magnesium is available in completely different types, one among which is effervescent tablets. It is usually present in whole-grain merchandise, inexperienced greens, and bananas. Good sources of calcium, which is important for muscle contraction, are dairy merchandise, spinach, and egg yolks.
  • Give your self time and enhance the exercise depth step by step. Your physique first must get used to the brand new coaching classes.
  • Even when dehydration just isn’t the principle explanation for cramps, drinking enough fluids throughout sports activities is vital, especifically on scorching days (or should you sweat quite a bit throughout your exercise).

Do you usually have issues with muscle spasms? Then our weblog submit on foam rolling and stretching may curiosity you.


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